Jul 15, 2016

R-22 Vs R410A Refrigerant – Which is Better?

By: Boyd Bros. HVAC

 

air conditioner repair

R-22 Vs R410A Refrigerant – Which is Better?

A hot discussion and debate in heating and air conditioning is in regards to the two refrigerants known as R-22 and its rival R-410A. If you are making a purchase, one thing that you should do is to understand how they are different.

This will help you with making the very best decision when it comes to your system. Below are the main ways that they are different and the reasons why these differences matter.

R-22

  • This is often called by a name such as Freon®.
  • As of the year 2010, it was not used anymore in the new AC systems.
  • It is what’s known as hydro-chlorofluorocarbon or HCFC, and it contributes to depleting the ozone layer.

R-410A

  • This is often called by a name like Puron®
  • It was approved to use in the new home air conditioners.
  • It’s an HFC or hydro-fluorocarbon, which does not help deplete the ozone layer.
  • Became the standard for using in United States home air conditioners back in 2015.

Differences in Performance

The newer models of air conditioners have been designed to use with the R-410A to give you more efficient and reliable operation. Since R-410A is able to absorb as well as release more heat when compared with R-22, the compressor is able to run cooler, so that there is a reduced chance that it will crack. If you placed R-410A refrigerant in a system that was designed to use R-22, your air conditioning wouldn’t be able to handle the pressure and would break.

All of the air conditioners use oil so that the compressor stays lubricated while its operating. For air conditioners which use R-22, this is mineral oil, and the systems which use R-410A, this is synthetic oil. This synthetic oils generally is more soluable with the R-410A when compared with mineral oil and R-22. Because of this, R-410A systems run much more efficiently and reduce compressor wear.

Dry Charging

Even though 2010 saw R-22 outlawed when it comes to use in the newer units, some of the companies are using this to their advantage by creating units that are dry charge. These new units don’t need to have refrigerant installed while they’re at the factory. Rather, technicians need to go to the house and install R-22 refrigerants. Even though it’s legal, it’s not a good idea for a few reasons:

  • There isn’t a lot of R-22, and the price is going to increase while the supplies are diminishing.
  • There is better efficiency with R-410A, which saves in energy cost and it’s a lot better when it comes to the environment.
  • Units that are dry charged usually have shorter warranties.

Conclusion

Overall, choosing an air conditioner that uses R-410A rather than R-22 is a much better idea. The R-410A air conditioners will run a lot more efficiently and they are going to be a lot better for the environment. This will save you money in the long run and it will also help you feel better to know that you are helping the environment.

Air Conditioning Professionals

Boyd Brothers HVAC is built on integrity, professionalism and doing the job right the first time, every time. Growing up in Southwest Florida, we understand that having a broken heating or AC system is about the last thing you want to deal with, or wait around to have serviced.

We have the utmost respect for you, your home, and your heating and cooling needs. We look forward to earning your business through top-quality repair and installation work. Contact us today!

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